UMdL agrees with the World TB Day promoted by Stop TB Partnership and supported by World Health Organization (WHO) and by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Today around the World there are a lot of events planned for this happening.
On 24 March 1882, doctor Robert Koch discovered Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the infectious agent that causes tuberculosis (TB).
Even now, the disease is globally relevant and common. According to WHO about one third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis (TB) bacillus; only a small proportion of those infected will become sick with TB. In 2012 about 8,6 million people in the world fell ill with tuberculosis; about 80% of these cases occurred only in 22 countries. Today about 3 million of the worldwide cases don’t get the care they need. No country has ever completely eliminated this disease. People with weakened immune systems have a much greater risk of falling ill from tuberculosis. Sometimes the presence of multidrug-resistant Mycobacteriae tuberculosis, bacteria that don’t respond to standard drugs, requires more difficult and costly treatments.
In Italy the TB incidence rate is one of the lowest in the World, however, there are some working environments and social contexts where the disease-spreading could be still high.
Shown below the World TB Day 2014 Advocacy Brochure, a CDC poster and the Official Tuscany Bulletin on TB N.52 24 December 2013 (in Italian) about the Tuscany acceptance of the last TB Surveillance and Control Guidelines for Public Health and Workers’ Safety made by Italian government .