World Hepatitis Day 2018

Italiano

 

UMdL participates at World Hepatitis Day 2018 “FIND THE MISSING MILLIONS” on July 28th organized by World Hepatitis AllianceNOhep, and sustained by the World Health Organization (WHO) and by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Main theme of the Day is “Eliminate hepatitis” according to the target 3.3 at Goal 3 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 (By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.).

The Campaign is focused on all the people that are living with hepatitis B or hepatitis C without knowing as showed in the main page of the World Hepatitis Day 2018.

UMdL is one of the Campaign supporters (here the full list of supporters).

A recent global survey investigated and showed the current barriers to hepatitis diagnosis around the World: White Paper – Overcoming the barriers to diagnosis: The role of the affected community and civil society in finding the missing millions.

In 2018 WHO have published the last Guidelines for the care and treatment of persons diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus infection.

Also the Italian Istituto Superiore di Sanità (National Institute of Health) participates at World Hepatitis Day with: Giornata mondiale contro l’epatite, l’impegno dell’Italia e dell’Iss.

Italian criteria for the access at direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are available on the offcial website of the Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco. Until now (07/23/2018), 145,800 people with HCV chronic infection received treatments with DAAs.

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Global and European updated data about hepatitis B and C are available from the official WHO webpages. (1,2,3,4,5)

Interventions of “micro-elimination” of the diseases on specific populations seem to be promising at local level (6) but groups of people at risk still suffer of logisitcs, organizational, and cultural  lacks. (7)

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation realized a new webisite about hepatitis global and national prevalence trands. (8,9) 

In Italy 2017 data showed that hepatitis C cases (40% from genotype 1b) are 710,000 (1.1% of worldwide cases); 331,890 prevalence cases of HBV. A lot of infected people are still unaware about the status in our country.(10,11)

After 2 year NOhep online activities have reached a lot of people (patients, health professionals, civil society, common people, …); there is also an ongoing development of the Campaign about Viral Hepatitis Elimination (take action for support Campaign).

NOhep-LogoThe NOhep main motto is “Make the Elimination of Viral Hepatitis Our Next Greatest Achievement”.

Below the NOhep video “Make the elimination of viral hepatitis our next greatest achievemement“, Italian subs are provided by UMdL.

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Updating medicina del lavoro participated with a poster at World Hepatitis Summit 2017 in São Paulo (Brazil) (12) on hepatitis prevention and management among different groups of workers.

References

[1] Hepatitis – Data and Statistics. Europe World Health Organization. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/communicable-diseases/hepatitis/data-and-statistics accessed 27 July 2018.

[2] WHO- Fact Sheets – Hepatitis C World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hepatitis-c

[3] WHO- Fact Sheets – Hepatitis B World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hepatitis-b

[4] Hepatitis C. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hepatitis-c, accessed 24 July 2018.

[5] Hepatitis – Data and Statistics. World Health Organization. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/communicable-diseases/hepatitis/data-and-statistics.

[6] Lazarus JV, Safreed-Harmon K, Thursz MR, et al. The micro-elimination approach to eliminating hepatitis C:  strategic and operational considerations. Seminars in Liver Disease, July 2018.

[7] ELPA news – Highest-risk groups left behind in pursuit of viral hepatitis C elimination in Europe. European Living Patient Association. http://www.elpa-info.org/news/jul-2018/highest-risk-groups-left-behind-pursuit-viral-hepatitis-c-elimination-europeaccessed 27 July 2018.

[8] IHME – Hepatitis facts.  Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. https://hepatitis.ihme.services/

[9] IHME – Hepatitis trends – Italy.  Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. https://hepatitis.ihme.services/trends?location_id=86&measure_id=5 accessed 27 July 2018.

[10] CDA Foundation and its Polaris Observatory. Hepatitis B and C diagnosis rates in 2017. Lafayette, CO:CDA Foundation,2017.  http://www.worldhepatitisalliance.org/missing-millions/

[11] Blach, Sarah et al. Global prevalence and genotype distribution of hepatitis C virus infection in 2015: a modelling study The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology , Volume 2 , Issue 3 , 161 – 176. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langas/article/PIIS2468-1253(16)30181-9/abstract

[12] Posters – World Hepatitis Summit 2017- Sao Paulo, Brazil. http://www.worldhepatitissummit.org/2017/resources/posters/docs/default-source/posters/16a_drluciofellone

Lucio Fellone (lucio.fellone@gmail.com / lucio.fellone@unisi.it)

Link at past World Hepatitis Day

Last updated at 07/28/2018

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